Status report on the US economy: stand by for the boom!

Summary:  It’s time for another look at the US economy. Economists have lots of enthusiasm. Lots of bad news, blamed on the severe winter that hit much (but not all) of America. Has the data warmed up? Is it Springtime in America?

Springtime In America

Content

  1. Stand by for the boom!
  2. About housing, a driver of the recovery
  3. The Architecture Billings Index
  4. Chicago Fed’s National Activity Index
  5. World trade volume
  6. For More Information

(1)  Stand by for the boom!

Every year since the crash economists forecast decent growth next year (2% – 2.5%) and ~3% growth in 3 years. But late last year economists varied the script: they forecast 3.1% growth in 2015 and 2016 — but also strong growth next year. They forecast that the US economy would accelerate to escape velocity. They cheered for the “Red, White, and Boom”.  See the Fed’s Survey of Professional Forecasters, 14 February 2014:

Groundhog
Looks wonderful out there!
  1. 2014: Q12.0%
  2. 2014: Q23.0%
  3. 2014: Q32.8%
  4. 2014: Q42.7%
  5. 2013:1.9%
  6. 2014:2.8%
  7. 2015:3.1%
  8. 2016:3.1%

It’s April. How’s that 2014 boom running? Although estimates for Q1 have fallen from 2.5% in December to 2% now, but hope remains for faster growth in the rest of the year. Previously we looked at the strong automobile sales, fueled by easy credit to increasingly sub-prime households. This looks to run for a while longer. Here we examine some other economic indicators.

The economy is complex beyond understanding. These are just snips, clues to the future.

(2) About housing, a driver of the recovery

The housing sector is expected to be another driver of the recovery. So far the omens look bad, but economists and housing experts remain confident. They’ll remain so until prices rollover, which they eventually will if these trends continue.

The weakness of housing activity has lasted since summer, and its broad geographically. This shows that it does not result from bad weather alone. Let’s review the ugly numbers.

(a) Purchase mortgage applications for week ending April 18: -18% YoY NSA, continuing their year-long decline.

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Purchase Mortgage Applications

(b) February pending home sales (recorded at contract signing):

  1. -00.8% MoM (West +2.3%)
  2. -10.5% YoY (West -16%)
  3. -15.3% since June 2013 peak
  4. 8th consecutive decline
  5. Lowest since October 2011

(c) March New home sales (recorded at contract signing):

  1. -14.5% MoM SA (West -17%)
  2. -01.8% YTD YoY NSA (West -25%)
  3. -12.2% YoY NSA (West -27%)
  4. -18.3% SA from the cycle peak in January 2014
  5. Inventory in terms of months supply SA 6.0 from 4.8 in January, from 4.2 in March 2013

(d)  March existing home sales (recorded at contract closing, 4 – 8 weeks after signing the contract):

  1. -00.2% MoM SA (West -3.7%)
  2. -07.5% YoY (West -13.4)
  3. -14.7% since June 2013
  4. Lowest since July 2012
  5. Months supply up 5.2 from cycle low 4.3 in January, from 4.7 in March 2013 (leading indicator of prices)

(e) Another leading indicator of prices, the index measuring traffic of new prospective new home buyers:

  1. 32 in April, down 30% from the August and September peak of 46
  2. Up 7% YoY

Traffic of New Home buers

(f) The Q1 Home Remodeling Index (often considered a leading indicator, but we have only Q1 data)

NARI Remolding Index
From: Zero Hedge

(3) Looking more broadly at construction: the Architecture Billings Index

A broader perspective gives no more cheer. The Architecture Billings Index of the American Institute of Architects for March was 48.8, near its lows running back to Fall 2012. Below 50 means a decrease in billings. The AIA says “the ABI reflects the approximate 9 to 12 month lead time between architecture billings and construction spending.”

Architecture Billings Index

(4)  Chicago Fed National Activity Index

For an even broader perspective see The National Activity Index of the Chicago Federal Reserve. Zero means growth at the average trend. March was down 70% from the November peak, which was the high going back to December 2006.

National Activity Index of the Chicago Federal Reserve
National Activity Index of the Chicago Federal Reserve

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Chicago Fed's National Activity Index

(5) World trade volume

For an ever wider perspective let’s look at the bloodstream of the global economy: the volume of world merchandise trade, tracked by the CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis. In February their indicator of trade momentum turned negative for first time since October 2012, reflecting a large slowdown during the last few months.

CPB World Trade
CPB World Trade

(6)  For More Information

An excellent report about the housing cycle from a top analyst: “Why we could be back in a housing bubble right now“, Mark Hanson, 11 March 2014

About the economy:

  1. Rising consumer debt driving the recovery: boon or bane?, 10 November 2013
  2. What can we expect from the US economy in 2014?, 21 February 2014
  3. Auto loans are a driver of the expansion, but might be running out of gas, 1 April 2014

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4 thoughts on “Status report on the US economy: stand by for the boom!

  1. We are due for a lull. I suspect we are seeing a slight uptick in total household debt vs income starting in the 4th Q of 2013. And the uptick most likely is higher at the lower middle income levels. This should dampen the consumer economy for at least 6 months. Many folks have just finished purchasing stuff they put off for several years and will probably take some time to enjoy that. I don’t think they have the same level of caution our parents and grandparents had after weathering the Great Depression, but they do have some fear after the downturn of 2007-2009.

  2. FM, you’ve summed up everything that needs to be said in a great overview.

    Only thing I can add is that today’s Durable Goods number sounds positive on the surface until you realize that the purchasing managers are listening to their economists and are buying goods when consumer purchasing at their stores is flat at best.

    If the economists are right this is a good choice, setting the company up for a very good year. But it could backfire if they are wrong.

    Personally, I’m planning on following the historical trend of the last few years and make purchases late this summer when it is being sold at below-cost prices because the retailer is desperate to get rid of it. It doesn’t always work in all cases (didn’t buy a car last year, for example) but you can get some real deals under the right circumstances.

  3. That “Boom!” is the sound of the American middle class collapsing.

    “Who Can Afford To Live in a Home? A look at data from the 2006 American Community Survey,” Mary Schwartz and Ellen Wilson, U.S. Census Bureau.

    As evidenced in the Housing and Vacancy Survey Annual Report for 2007, homeownership rates are decreasing for the US as a whole, and most states. Increasingly, householders are not able to afford the homes they are in, and are losing them. Renters also are facing increasing challenges in meeting their monthly housing costs. Utilities, real estate taxes, and insurance rates are increasing – costs that are be passed on to renters in increased rents.

    “Housing and Transportation Costs Have Exceeded Income Growth,” 26 October, 2012, Center for Housing Policy and The Center for Neighborhood Technology.

    By 2010, the average cost of housing and transportation accounted for 48% of the median household’s income according to a new report. On October 18, 2012, The Center for Housing Policy and the Center for Neighborhood Technology released Losing Ground: The Struggle of Moderate-Income Households to Afford the Rising Costs of Housing and Transportation. This is a follow up to their 2006 report: A Heavy Load: The Combined Housing and Transportation Burdens of Working Families. (..)

    * Households earning 50% to 100% of the median income of their metropolitan area spent 59% of their household income on housing and transportation cost.

    *Moderate income homeowners with a mortgage have an average transportation and housing cost of almost 72% of household income compared to the 55% faced by moderate income renters.

    *Despite the lower housing and transportation costs faced by renters when compared to homeowners, many renters are still having difficulty meeting basic needs.

    With two-income families, women who decide to have children must use child care. However, “Child care costs exceed rent in most states,” CNNmoney website, 16 August 2012.

    “The U.S. is an oligarchy, study concludes: Report by researchers from Princeton and Northwestern universities suggests that U.S. political system serves special interest organisations, instead of voters,” The Daily Telegraph, 24 April 2014.

    Completing the picture, we have:

    “IMF study finds inequality is damaging to economic growth,” The Guardian 26 February, 2014.

    Follow the logic:

    [1] IMF study shows that large income inequalities in advanced industrial societies hurts economic growth;
    [2] Princeton study shows that America has become an oligarchy, with a tiny percent of superwealthy individuals effectively controlling the U.S. political system;
    [3] Recent studies show that the bottom 99% of the population is increasingly unable to afford basic necessities like housing and transportation.

    Does any of this augur an upcoming economic “boom”?

    As FM points out, no one can foretell the future. (Anyone who thinks s/he can should be a trillionaire by now. If you’re not, why should we believe your prognostications about the economy?) Some experts discern worrying signs of yet another economic bubble, however. A troubling disconnect has developed twixt stock market share prices in both the UK and the U.S. and economic output.

    “This is no recovery, this is a bubble – and it will burst,” The Guardian, 24 February 2014.

    According to the stock market, the UK economy is in a boom. Not just any old boom, but a historic one. On 28 October 2013, the FTSE 100 index hit 6,734, breaching the level achieved at the height of the economic boom before the 2008 global financial crisis (that was 6,730, recorded in October 2007).

    Since then, it has had ups and downs, but on 21 February 2014 the FTSE 100 climbed to a new height of 6,838. At this rate, it may soon surpass the highest ever level reached since the index began in 1984 – that was 6,930, recorded in December 1999, during the heady days of the dotcom bubble.

    The current levels of share prices are extraordinary considering the UK economy has not yet recovered the ground lost since the 2008 crash; per capita income in the UK today is still lower than it was in 2007. And let us not forget that share prices back in 2007 were themselves definitely in bubble territory of the first order.

    The situation is even more worrying in the US. In March 2013, the Standard & Poor 500 stock market index reached the highest ever level, surpassing the 2007 peak (which was higher than the peak during the dotcom boom), despite the fact that the country’s per capita income had not yet recovered to its 2007 level. Since then, the index has risen about 20%, although the US per capita income has not increased even by 2% during the same period. This is definitely the biggest stock market bubble in modern history.

    Even more extraordinary than the inflated prices is that, unlike in the two previous share price booms, no one is offering a plausible narrative explaining why the evidently unsustainable levels of share prices are actually justified.

    1. Interesting to see how the inequality story has hit the mainstream. When I first wrote about this in 2008 the comments were mostly hostile — or incredulous. Advocating class warfare in our classless society.

      Now that the 1% is so well-entrenched, and we are docile domesticated sheep, it is OK to discuss the obvious. Entertainment, like watching I Frankenstein. And just as likely to spark mass political action.

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