Terrifying news about polar bears

Summary: Climate doomsters rule the headlines because “if it bleeds, it leads.” So the good news about polar bears and climate change is undernews, brought into the sunlight by Susan Crockford. It is bad news for the doomsters.

He is happy about the good news!

A happy polar pear - Dreamstime_57256363
ID 57256363 © Susannahietanen | Dreamstime.

Ten fallacies about Arctic sea ice & polar bears.
Teachers & parents take note!

By Susan Crockford at Polar Bear Science, 12 July 2019.
Posted with her generous permission. Most graphs and references omitted.

Summer sea ice loss is finally ramping up. First-year ice is disappearing, as it has done every year since ice came to the Arctic millions of years ago. But critical misconceptions, fallacies, and disinformation abound regarding Arctic sea ice and polar bear survival. Ahead of Arctic Sea Ice Day on 15 July, here are ten fallacies. Teachers and parents need to know about them.

Please contact me if you would like to examine any of the references included in this post. These references are what distinguish my efforts from those of the activist organization Polar Bears International. PBI seldom provides references within the content it provides, including material it presents as ‘educational.’ Links are included here to previous posts of mine, providing expanded explanations, images, and additional references.

Even though 2019 had the 2nd lowest extent for the month of June since 1979, by early July there was still ice adjacent to all major polar bear denning areas across the Arctic. In many regions, pregnant females that give birth on land in December come ashore in summer and stay until their newborn cubs are old enough to return with them to the ice the following spring.

See Andersen et al. 2012; Ferguson et al. 2000; Garner et al. 1994; Jonkel et al. 1978; Harington 1968; Kochnev 2018; Kolenosky and Prevett 1983; Larsen 1985; Olson et al. 2017; Richardson et al. 2005; Stirling and Andriashek 1992.

See these ten fallacies, even disinformation, about sea ice.

1. ‘Sea ice is to the Arctic as soil is to a forest.

False: this all-or-nothing analogy is a specious comparison. In fact, Arctic sea ice is like a big wetland pond that dries up a bit every summer, where the amount of habitat available to sustain aquatic plants, amphibians and insects is reduced but does not disappear completely. Wetland species are adapted to this habitat: they can survive the reduced water availability in the dry season because it happens every year. Similarly, sea ice will always reform in the winter and stay until spring.

During the two million or so years that ice has formed in the Arctic, there has always been ice in the winter and spring (even in warmer Interglacials than this one). Moreover, I am not aware of a single modern climate model that predicts winter ice will fail to develop over the next 80 years or so.

See Amstrup et al. 2007; Durner et al. 2009; Gibbard et al. 2007; Polak et al. 2010; Stroeve et al. 2007.

2. Polar bears need summer sea ice to survive.

False: polar bears that have fed adequately on young seals in the early spring can live off their fat for five months or more until the fall, whether they spend the summer on land or the Arctic pack ice. Polar bears seldom catch seals in the summer because only predator-savvy adult seals are available and holes in the pack ice allow the seals many opportunities to escape (see the BBC video below). Polar bears and Arctic seals require sea ice from late fall through early spring only.

See Crockford 2017, 2019; Hammill and Smith 1991:132; Obbard et al. 2016; Pilfold et al. 2016; Stirling 1974; Stirling and Øritsland 1995; Whiteman et al. 2015.

3. Ice algae are the basis for all Arctic life.

Only partially true: plankton also thrives in open water during the Arctic summer, which ultimately provides food for the fish species that ringed and bearded seals depend upon to fatten up before the long Arctic winter.

Recent research has shown that less ice in summer has improved ringed and bearded seal health and survival over conditions that existed in the 1980s (when there was a shorter ice-free season and fewer fish to eat): as a consequence, abundant seal populations have been a boon for the polar bears that depend on them for food in early spring. For example, despite living with the most profound decline of summer sea ice in the Arctic polar bears in the Barents Sea around Svalbard are thriving, as are Chukchi Sea polar bears – both contrary to predictions made in 2007 that resulted in polar bears being declared ‘threatened’ with extinction under the Endangered Species Act.

See Aars 2018; Aars et al. 2017; Amstrup et al. 2007; Arrigo and van Dijken 2015; Crawford and Quadenbush 2013; Crawford et al. 2015; Crockford 2017, 2019; Frey et al. 2018; Kovacs et al. 2016; Lowry 2016; Regehr et al. 2018; Rode and Regehr 2010; Rode et al. 2013, 2014, 2015, 2018.

4. Open water in early spring, as well as summer ice melt, since 1979 are unnatural and detrimental to polar bear survival.

False: melting ice is a normal part of the seasonal changes in the Arctic. In the winter and spring, areas of open water appear because wind and currents rearrange the pack ice. This is not melt, but normal polynya formation and expansion. Polynyas and widening shore leads provide a beneficial mix of ice resting platform and nutrient-laden open water that attracts Arctic seals and provides excellent hunting opportunities for polar bears. The map below {omitted} shows Canadian polynyas and shore leads known in the 1970s: similar patches of open water routinely develop in spring off eastern Greenland and along the Russian coast of the Arctic Ocean.

See Dunbar 1981; Grenfell and Maykut 1977; Hare and Montgomery 1949; Smith and Rigby 1981; Stirling and Cleator 1981;  Stirling et al. 1981, 1993.

5. Climate models do a good job of predicting future polar bear habitat.

False: My recent book, The Polar Bear Catastrophe That Never Happened, explains that the almost 50% decline in summer sea ice that was expected in 2050 actually arrived in 2007, where it has been ever since – yet polar bears are thriving. That is an extraordinarily bad track record of sea ice prediction.

Also, contrary to predictions made by climate modelers, first-year ice has already replaced much of the multi-year ice in the southern and eastern portion of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, to the benefit of polar bears.

See the simplified predictions vs. observations up to 2007 provided by Stroeve et al. 2007. Sea ice hit an even lower extent in 2012 and all years since then have been below predicted levels.

Arctic September sea ice extent to 2007 - NSIDC - Stroeve 2007

See also ACIA 2005; Crockford 2017, 2019; Durner et al. 2009; Hamilton et al. 2014; Heide-Jorgensen et al. 2012; Perovich et al. 2018; Stern and Laidre 2016; Stroeve et al. 2007; SWG 2016; Wang and Overland 2012.

6. Sea ice is getting thinner and that’s a problem for polar bears.

False: First-year ice (less than about 2 metres thick) is the best habit for polar bears because it is also the best habitat for Arctic seals. Very thick multi-year ice that has been replaced by first-year ice that completely melts every summer creates more good habitat for seals and bears in the spring, when they need it the most. This has happened especially in the southern and eastern portions of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. See the ice chart below from September 2016. {Omitted.} Because of such changes in ice thickness, the population of polar bears in Kane Basin (off NW Greenland) has more than doubled since the late 1990s.

See Atwood et al. 2016; Durner et al. 2009; Lang et al. 2017; Stirling et al. 1993; SWG 2016.

7. Polar bears in Western and Southern Hudson Bay are most at risk of extinction due to global warming.

False: Ice decline in Hudson Bay has been among the lowest across the Arctic. Sea ice decline in Hudson Bay (see graphs below) has been less than one day per year since 1979 compared to more than 4 days per year in the Barents Sea. Hudson Bay ice decline also uniquely happened as a sudden step-change in 1998: there has not been a slow and steady decline. Since 1998, the ice-free season in Western Hudson Bay has been about three weeks longer overall than it was in the 1980s but has not become any longer over the last 20 years despite declines in total Arctic sea ice extent or increased carbon dioxide emissions.

See Castro de la Guardia et al. 2017; Regehr et al. 2016.

8. The breakup of sea ice in Western Hudson Bay now occurs three weeks earlier than it did in the 1980s.

False: Breakup now occurs about 2 weeks earlier in summer than it did in the 1980s. The total length of the ice-free season is now about three weeks longer (with lots of year-to-year variation). See this video showing the first bear spotted off the ice at Cape Churchill, Western Hudson Bay, on 5 July 2019 – fat and healthy after eating well during the spring.

See Castro de la Guardia et al. 2017; Cherry et al. 2013; Lunn et al. 2016.

9. Winter sea ice has been declining since 1979, putting polar bear survival at risk.

Only partially true: while sea ice in winter (i.e., March) has been declining gradually since 1979 (see graph below from NOAA), there is no evidence to suggest this has negatively impacted polar bear health or survival, as the decline has been quite minimal. The sea ice chart at the beginning of this post shows that in 2019 there was plenty of ice remaining in March to meet the needs of polar bears and their primary prey (ringed and bearded seals), despite it being the seventh lowest since 1979.

NOAA's Arctic 2018 Report - Sea Ice - Figure-2
Figure 2 from NOAA’s Arctic 2018 Report.

10. Experts say that with 19 different polar bear subpopulations across the Arctic, there are “19 sea ice scenarios playing out“ (see also here), implying this is what they predicted all along.

False: To predict the future survival of polar bears, biologists at the US Geological Survey in 2007 grouped polar bear subpopulations with similar sea ice types (which they called ‘polar bear ecoregions,’ see map below). Their predictions of polar bear survival were based on assumptions of how the ice in these four sea ice regions would change over time (with areas in purple and green being similarly extremely vulnerable to effects of climate change).

However, it turns out that there is much more variation than they expected: contrary to predictions, the Barents Sea has had a far greater decline in summer ice extent than any other region, and both Western and Southern Hudson Bay have had relatively little (see #7).

See Amstrup et al. 2007; Crockford 2017, 2019; Durner et al. 2009; Atwood et al. 2016; Regehr et al. 2016.

{See the many references and graphs omitted here but are in the original article at Polar Bear Science.}

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More good news for polar bears

Susan Crockford

About the author

Susan Crockford is a zoologist with more than 35 years experience, including published work on the Holocene history of Arctic animals. She is an adjunct professor at the University of Victoria, British Columbia (a “non-remunerated professional zooarcheologist associate”) and co-owner of a private consulting company, Pacific Identifications Inc.

See her publications and her website Polar Bear Science. See her first book about polar bears: Polar Bears: Outstanding Survivors of Climate Change. See my review of it. Her most recent book is The Polar Bear Catastrophe That Never Happened. See my review.

She has also written a novel, Eaten – a polar bear attack thriller.

For More Information

An example of bogus fear-mongering about polar bears: Mother Jones sounds the alarm about global warming! This time about the north pole. Exploiting the polar bear story for political gain!

Please like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter. For more information see The keys to understanding climate change and my posts about climate change. Also see all posts about polar bears, the arctic region, and polar sea ice, and especially these with good news about the climate…

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  5. Good news about polar bears, thriving as the arctic warms!
  6. The IPCC gives us good news about climate change, but we don’t listen.
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  8. Good news about polar bears, exemplars of climate change.
The Polar Bear Catastrophe That Never Happened
Available at Amazon.

Read the full story about the Polar Bear’s good news

The Polar Bear Catastrophe That Never Happened.

By Susan Crockford (2019).

A fact-rich, logical, and dispassionate book that upsets a key climate change narrative.

From the publisher …

The Polar Bear Catastrophe That Never Happened explains why the catastrophic decline in polar bear numbers we were promised in 2007 failed to materialize. It’s the story of how and why the polar bear came to be considered ‘Threatened’ with extinction, and tracks its rise and fall as an icon of the global warming movement.

“The book also tells the story of Crockford’s role in bringing that failure to public attention and the backlash against her that ensued – and why, among all others who have attempted to do so previously, she was uniquely positioned to do so. In general, this is a cautionary tale of scientific hubris and of scientific failure, of researchers staking their careers on untested computer simulations and later obfuscating inconvenient facts.

For the first time, you’ll see a frank and detailed account of attempts by scientists to conceal population growth as numbers rose from a historical low in the 1960s to the astonishing highs that surely must exist after almost 50 years of protection from overhunting. There is also a blunt account of what truly abundant populations of bears mean for the millions of people who live and work in areas of the Arctic inhabited by polar bears.”

22 thoughts on “Terrifying news about polar bears

      1. Ron,

        Naked Capitalism and similar websites on the Left run articles like almost every day. They treat them with ignorance of how science works. First, this flow is currated so that their readers see only articles feeding climate alarmism. They will never see papers showing, for example, that Antartica is gaining ice mass (giving the tiny rate of change, papers have found different trends) – or that some of the West Antartic ice shelf is over volcanic vents (reducing CO2 won’t stop that melting).

        Second, there is no allowance for the understandable focus of scientists on exciting research that gets funding. These days, that’s climate alarmism.

        That’s why the IPCC was created, so that scientists could assemble available research into a form both balanced and understandable to a general audience. But the Left and their journalist enablers have abandoned the work of the IPCC’s physical scientists. “Too conservtive” for their needs.

      2. Larry,

        “Talking to them about RCP8.5 is a waste of time. Too technical. They either don’t understand or pretend not to understand.”

        “Too technical”? How hard is it to understand RCP4.5 from RCP8.5? What the fuck, even this retired (Ford) auto mechanic can understand that.
        Climate madness.

      3. Ron,

        I see you have no experience in journalism or sales. You can only convince people using things they already know to be true. So appealing to the IPCC as an authority is effective. Going on about technical matters such as the differences between the RCPs, which probably neither of you understand deeply, accomplishes nothing.

    1. Larry,

      I see. I have pushed what I’ve learned here (thanks) about the IPCC and the RCP8.5 exploitation problem on my alarmist friends/foes/rubes.
      Of course it does no good, but it makes perfect sense to me and maybe some others who may want to pass it along.
      We have a doomster problem here, I’m just not sure how big. I doubt it’s big enough for “Green New Deals”.

      1. Ron,

        I find the reaction to Green climate doomsters interesting when I cite the IPCC Physical Sciences findings as rebuttal to their claims. They trot out the “too conservative” claim, but have no reply when I ask for their evidence of it.

        They realize that they are dancing on air, and either retreat or get irrational.

        Talking to them about RCP8.5 is a waste of time. Too technical. They either don’t understand or pretend not to understand.

      1. Larry,

        Common ain’t the word. Didn’t you know? It’s settled science, Al Gore and the 97% of something said so. Why would anyone follow a link and read it? They don’t have to, they just “know”.

      2. Larry,

        Well, some people might say it is polarizing, simply borderline unbearable.

      3. Der Maiden,

        It’s science. It’s not supposed to conform to your political preferences.

        As disputes in science go, this is tame. A look at the history of science will show debates that make this look like a pillow fight. That’s because scientists are serious about their work.

      4. Larry,

        I was actually going for the puns. Just for the fun.

        Bear with me. Hee hee, alright, I’ll stop

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